Biodiversity and ecosystem services

The greater the biodiversity of an area, the greater the chances of it withstanding threats, such as natural disasters and the effects of climate change.

Biodiversity: The variability among living organisms in terrestrial, marine and other ecosystems. Biodiversity includes variability at the genetic, species and ecosystem levels. (Source: Termium)

A wide diversity of plant and animal species that deliver many ecosystem services to people:

  • water treatment
  • climate regulation
  • regulation of pests and disease
  • resources for accommodation, clothing, food and medicine

Inhabitants of and visitors to the reserve

The Green Mountains Nature Reserve (GMNR) features extraordinary ecological wealth, providing habitat for hundreds of animal and plant species.

Extraordinary ecological wealth
Protected in perpetuity


Species at risk

Species at risk are designated under the Act respecting threatened or vulnerable species in Quebec and/or by the Species at Risk Act in Canada. The GMNR is home to nine at-risk flower species and eight at-risk wildlife species. Protecting habitat here is essential to their survival.

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for species

Les espèces en situation précaire


Wide-ranging mammals

Species with a large home range need large connected areas for their life cycle (shelter, food and reproduction). The nature reserve is large enough to protect the diversity of the ecosystems found here while ensuring adequate habitat for several large mammals, such as black bear, bobcat and moose. Connected natural areas are imperative for their movement.





460 flora

80 bird

80 bird

23 reptile
and amphibian species


This species needs large areas to escape into and connect with nature. They enjoys taking in the most beautiful vistas and exploring little-visited places.

Responsible hikers are best described as:

  • being aware that their actions can have an impact on natural environments and biodiversity;
  • understanding their vulnerability to the effects of climate change;
  • doing their part to protect nature;
  • enjoying the GMNR’s beautiful landscapes while observing the best practices
  • respecting other visitors and being curious about the surrounding nature, without disturbing it.